What is SCORM?
SCORM (Shareable Content Object Reference Model) is a standardized technical specification for eLearning content. SCORM is comprised of a collection of interrelated technical specifications for creating interoperable and plug-n-play eLearning content.
SCORM was developed by ADL, an US Government initiative. ADL (Advanced Distributed Learning Initiative) developed SCORM in the 90s to solve interoperability issued for Computer Based Training (CBT) across multiple delivery systems. SCORM can be called the common language that all Learning Management systems speak.
The Two main phrases you will hear associated with SCORM are SCO (Shareable Content Object) and Reference Model (RM).
SCO is the most granular piece of content in SCORM. It like a chapter in a book. The SCO can be assembled into courses and used across different Learning Management Systems (LMSs) and Organizations.
Reference Model: is the standard set of rules that all SCORM compliant LMS understand thus making course interoperable across various systems.
The existing versions of SCORM are
SCORM 1.1 – this was the first version of the SCORM and is not widely used.
SCORM 1.2 – It is supported by nearly all LMS and majority of content providers create on this version.
SCORM 2004 – is the latest version. The sequencing and navigation feature allows creators to define behaviour within and between SCOs, which was not possible in the previous versions. This helps in greater content interaction and reusability of SCO.